The above universe map is Copyright © Geoffrey Mandel and Paramount 2002. All rights reserved.
Stellar Cartography is located on Deck 12 (Room 12 609). This is the room that is impressive to behold. A 2-deck affair with access from the top deck, stepping down to a middle-level where there is a central platform. The room is walled with holographic projectors that will turn the room into a giant holographic projector with the central platform in the middle. The projectors can put a 3-d display of any region of known space and can label all of the planets, stars or other astral bodies as desired.
One of the main quests for Star Trek fans has been for a canon map of the Federation. The first canon map seen was from the TNG episode 'Conspiracy' and was the background screen in Starfleet Command Communications Centre behind Lt. Cmdr. Dexter Remmick. Other maps have shown the Federation compared to the other empires/governments in the other series and their accompanying Writer's Guides.
The Romulan and Klingon empires have always been arranged consistently with the Federation. Later maps from DS9 and Voyager include Cardassian, Bajoran and Ferengi space. With the release of Geoffrey Mandel's Star Trek: Star Charts, the Federation has been reshaped and resized again to a more gangly appearance. Trill and Betazed are located firmly in the Alpha Quadrant and the Federation visibly loops round the Romulan Star Empire in this 2-dimensional perspective [although I suspect in 3-d the Romulans have free access to open space].
The above images are Copyright © Paramount Pictures. All Rights Reserved.